Why are vitamins and minerals important?

by Gene and Sheila Calvin
Vitamin and mineral supplementation are very important to athletes and non-athletes. We need to know how they impact our performance and help us reach our goals. Do you know the difference between a fat and water soluble vitamins? Vitamins are classified as either water soluble (B vitamins and vitamin C) or fat soluble (vitamins A, D, E, and K), depending on their method of absorption, transport, and storage in the body. Vitamins are found in nearly all foods including fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans/alternatives, milk/alternatives, and some fats. You need to have an understanding of the effects of these vitamins to improve your health and fitness.
Minerals are a common supplement taken just like vitamins. We need a working knowledge of both major and trace minerals- their sources, functions and deficiency/toxicity symptoms. Do you know what the difference between a major and trace minerals? Minerals are categorized into major minerals (calcium, sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphorus, magnesium, and sulfur) and trace minerals (iron, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, fluoride, molybdenum, and manganese) based on the total quantity required by the body on a daily basis. Similar to vitamins, minerals are found in a wide variety of foods, but mainly are concentrated in the beans and milk/alternative groups. Tell us what vitamins and minerals that you are taking and why?

“Fitness is a journey not a destination; it must be continued for the rest of your life”

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